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1.5 RASASHASTRA Paper 1 100 Marks Part A 50 Marks 1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Raseshwar Darshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap 2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara. 3.Dravya Varga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka. 4. Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Damaru Yantra - Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan & Tiryakpatana Yantra, Jaranartha Tulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, Palika Yantra, Baluka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra 5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): Samanya Musha, Gostani musha, Vajra Musha, Maha musha, Yoga musha, Vrintaka Musha, Malla / Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana. 6. Brief description & applications of Chullika, Satwapatana Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven. 7. Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer. 8. Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Parada, Parada Dosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka). Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Parada gati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Parada sanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara. 9. Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa - Hemagarbha pottali. Rasa sevana vidhi and pathya and apathya. 10. Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies.

 BAMS Second Year Syllabus Copy -


2.1 DRAVYAGUNA VIJNAN (PHARMACOLOGY & MATERIA MEDICA)

Paper I

Part -A                                                                                                                      50 Marks

1- Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa- Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz Dravya- Rasa-Guna- Virya- Vipaka- Prabhava and Karma.

2- Dravya:Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa. Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.

3- Guna:Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of Gurvadi Guna & Paradi gunas.

 4- Rasa: Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts. Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas, Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular), Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa), Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas. Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.

5- Vipaka:Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka, Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka. Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).

6- Veerya: Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, Number of Virya. (Dwividha & Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions.

7- Prabhava: Definition, Effects of Prabhava

8- Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana). Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.

9- Karma: Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action).

 Explanation of the following Karmas with examples: 1. Deepana 2. Pachana 3. Samshodhana 4. Samshamana 5. Anulomana 6. Sransana 7. Bhedana 8. Rechana 9. Chhedana 10. Lekhana 11. Grahi 12. Sthambhana 13. Madakari 14. Pramathi 15. Abhishyandi 16. Vyavayi 17. Vikashi 18. Rasayana 19. Vajeekarana 20. Jeevaneeya 21. Balya 22. Brimhana 23. Langhana 24. Medhya

10. Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita.

11- Mishraka Gana:                                                                                                                      11a)- Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin) Brihatpanchamoola, Laghupanchamoola, Vallipanchamoola, Kantakapanchamoola, Trinapanchamoola,Madhyamapanchamoola, Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava, Panchavalakala, Triphala, Trikatu,Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadusana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana, Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example.

11 b)- Jangama Gana (Animal origin)- Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta panchaka

11 c)- Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) - Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka. 

12- Basis of nomenclature: Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.

13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8), Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)- Ecology- Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected). Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used. Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).

Part B                                                                                                                            50 Marks


(I)

14 a) Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya). 
14 b) Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants)
14 c) Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)

15- Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts. Concept of viruddha Dravya (incompatibility of the dravya).

16- Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan - Dhanwantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakashanighantu, Rajanighantu.

17- Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species.

 (II)                                                                                                                                 30 marks
                                                                                                                                 
18. - Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology. Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following - Anaesthetics, CNS depressants, Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers, Antipyretics, Analgesics, Antiepileptics, Antihypertensive, Antianginal, Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic, Haemopoetic, Coagulants, Bronchodialators, Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants, Digestants, Carminatives, Antacids, Antiulcer, Laxatives, Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Antidiuretic, Lithotriptic, Antiinflammatory, Hormonal therapy, Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Antithyroid, Oxytocic. Galactagogues, Contraceptives, Styptics, Antihistamines, Antimicrobial, Antibiotics, Antimalarial, Amoebicidal, Antifilarial, Anthelmentic, Antifungal,Vitamins, Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids, Vaccines, antivenom, antirabbies serum, Local anti septics, drugs in ophthalmic practice, Anti cancer drugs and immunomodulators. 
                                                                                                                       
 Paper II                                                                                                                       100 marks

Part A                                                                                                                             70 marks


1-Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya –

  1- Detailed knowledge of following drugs with respect to Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut, External morphology, Useful parts, Important phytoconstituents, Rasa panchaka, Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose), Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects), Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and Shodhana (as required)

[Alphabetical order and Botanical names to all the drugs are to be added]


Agaru Guggulu Pashanabheda Agnimantha Haridradvaya Patala Agnimantha Haritaki Pippali-Pippalimula Ahiphena Hingu Prishniparni Amalaki Jambu Punarnava Apamarga Jatamansi Pushkarmoola Aragvadha Jatiphal Rasna Aragvadha Jeerakadvaya Rasona Ardraka-Sunti Jyotishmati Rohitaka Arjuna Kalamegha Saireyaka Arjuna Kampillaka Sarivadvaya Arkadvaya Kanchanara Sarpagandha Ashvagandha Kantakari Shalaparni Asoka Kapikacchu Shallaki Ativisha Karkatakshringi Shalmali Bakuchi Karpura Shankhapushpi Baladvayam. Katuki Shatavari Bhallataka Khadira Shigru Bharangi Kiratatikta Shirisha Bhrungaraj Kumari Shyonaka Bibhitaka Kumkum Kesara Talisa Patra Bijak/ Vijaysar Kupilu Tila Bilva Kushta Trivrut Brahmi Kutaja Tulasi Bruhati Lavanga Tvak Chandanadvaya, Lodhra Ushira Chitraka Madanaphala Vacha Dadima Mandukaparni. Varahi Devadaru Manjishtha Varahi Dhataki Maricha Varuna Durva Musta Vasa Eladvayam Nagakeshara Vatsanabha Eranda Nimba Vidanga Gambhari Nirgundi Vidari Gokshura Palasha Yastimadhu  Guduchi Parpata Yavani

Part B - 

II- Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name, Family, Habit (Samanya Swarupa), Parts Used and Indications

Agastya Jati Palandu Ajamoda Jayapala Parasika Yavani Akarkarabh Jeevanti Parijata Amlavetasa Kadali, Parisha Amra Kadamba Parnabija Amragandhiharidra Kaidarya Parnayavani Ankola Kakamachi Parpataka Aparajita Kamala Parushaka Ashvagol Kankola Patalagarudi Ashvattha Karanja Patha Asthishrunkhala Karavellaka Patola Atasi Karavira Patranga Avartaki Karira Pilu Avartani Karpasa Plaksha Babbula Kasamarda Prasarani Badara Kasha Priyala Bakula Kasni Priyangu Bhumyamalki Kataka Puga Bijapoora Katphala Putiha Bola Kebuka Putranjivaka Chakramarda Kharjura Rajika/Sarshapa Champaka Kitmari Rohitaka Chandrashura Kokilaksha Saptachakra Changeri Koshataki Saptaparna Chavya Kulatha Saral Chirbilva Kumuda Sarja Chopachini Kusha Shala Danti Kusmanda Shara Darbha Lajjalu Sharapunkha Dattura Langali Shatahwa Dhanvayasa Latakaranja Shati Dhanyaka Latakasturi Snuhi Draksha Madayantika Sringataka Dronapushpi Mahanimba Svarnakshiri Gandhaprasarini Mandukaparni Tagara . Garjara Markandika Tailaparni Gojihva, Masha Talmuli Gorakshaganja Mashaparni Taruni Gunja Matulunga Tavakshira hinsapa Mayaphala Teja Patra Hinstra Meshashrungi Tuvaraka Hribera Methika Udumbara Hrutpatri Mudgaparni urana Ikshu Mulaka Vamsha Indravaruni Murva Vata Ingudi Nagabala Vatada Irimeda Nala Vrudhadaru Ishvaku Narikela Vrukshamla Isvari Nili Japa Padmaka

III .-Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya (Drugs of Animal Origin).
 1. Kasturi 2. Gorochana 3. Mrigasringa

IV- Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga:
1. Jala Varga 2. Dugdha Varga 3. Madhu Varga 4. Taila Varga 5. Sukadhanya Varga 6.Shamidhanya Varga 7. Phala Varga 8. Shaka Varga 9. Mamsa Varga 10. Aharayogi

                                                          PRACTICALS

1. A. Study of Macroscopic, Microscopic characters and Demonstration of organoleptic charcteristics and grahya-agrahyatva of following plants and their useful parts

i. Kanda (stem) - Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala
ii. Patra (leaves) - Vasa or Kumari
iii.Pushpa (flower and Parts of flower)- Dhataki or Japa
iv.Phala (fruit) – Maricha or Madanaphala or Vidanga 
v. Beeja (seeds) – Eranda or Kapikacchhu
vi.Twak (bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwattha
vii. Moola(Root)- Punarnava or Chitraka 
viii. Niryasa (exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa
ix. Jangama dravya - Madhu or Ghrita. 

2. Records of Herbarium sheets of 50 medicinal plants Compulsory study tour other state/s for field knowledge and procurement of plant species.

PRACTICAL MARKS DIVISION

1      Herbarium                                                                                                               20 Marks
2      Practical record                                                                                                     20 Marks
3      Drug identification- spotting –Raw/crude drugs                                        30 marks
4      Plant identification spotting –fresh                                                                30 marks
5      Practical                                                                                                                   40 marks
6.      Viva-Voce                                                                                                               60 Marks

Total                                                                                                                             200 marks 

2.3. Rasashastra Evam Bhaishajyakalpana

     (IATROCHEMISTRY AND AYURVEDIC PHARMACEUTICS)

                                            RASASHASTRA

Paper 1                                                                                                       100 Marks

Part A                                                                                                           50 Marks 


1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Raseshwar Darshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap

2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara. 

3.Dravya Varga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka.    

4. Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Damaru Yantra - Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan & Tiryakpatana Yantra, Jaranartha Tulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, Palika Yantra, Baluka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra

5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): Samanya Musha, Gostani musha, Vajra Musha, Maha musha, Yoga musha, Vrintaka Musha, Malla / Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana.

6. Brief description & applications of Chullika, Satwapatana Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven.

7. Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer.

8. Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Parada, Parada Dosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka). Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Parada gati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Parada sanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara.

9. Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa - Hemagarbha pottali. Rasa sevana vidhi and pathya and apathya.

10. Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies.

Part B                                                                                  50 Marks

Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose, anupan and therapeutic uses, pathya – apathya and ashuddha, apakwa and avidhee sevanjanya dosha and its management, important formulations of the following:

1. Maharasa –Abhraka (Biotite Mica), Vaikrantha, Makshika (Chalco-pyrite), Vimala (Iron Pyrite), Shilajatu, Sasyaka (Peacock ore), Chapala and Rasaka (Sphalerite).

 2. Uparasa – Gandhaka (Sulfur), Gairika (Red Ochre), Kasisa (Green Vitriol), Kankshi (Alum), Haratala (Orpiment), Manahshila (Realgar), Anjana and Kankustha.

3. Sadharana Rasa – Kampillaka, Gauri pashana (Arsenic oxide), Navasadara (Ammonium chloride), Kaparda (Cowry), Agnijara, Giri Sindura (Red oxide of Hg), Hingula (Red Cinnabar) and Mriddara shringa (Litharge).

4. Dhatu -Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc), Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass), Vartaloha. Dhatu -graha sambandha.

 5. Ratna - Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye). Ratnapariksha, Ratnadosha, Ratna-graha sambandha.

6. Uparatna- Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon stone), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani (Quartz), Trinakanta, Palanka, Putika, Rudhir. 

7. Sudha varga – Sudha (Lime stone ), Kaparda (Cowries), Shukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh (Conch Shell), Mriga shringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti (Gypsum) and Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutanda twak (Hen’s Egg Shell).

8. Sikata varga - Sikata (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana / Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Badarshama (silicate of lime ), Vyomashma (Sangeyashab - Jade), Kousheyashma (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate).

9. Kshara varga - Sarja kshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yava kshara, Tankana kshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate).

10. Miscellaneous - Mandura, Bola, Dam-ul Akhawayan (Raktabandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Madhoocchishta.

11. Visha and Upavisha-Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic and toxic doses, anupan, therapeutic uses, and formulations of following Visha and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala, Dhattura, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi. Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool.

12. Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam- ingredients, manufacturing process, and bheshajprayogvidhi. Arogya Vardhini Gutika, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Chandraprabha Vati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravalapanchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmivilas Rasa, Vasantakusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa, Shankha vati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa, Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, Putapakwavaisham Jwarantaka Loha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadugha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, Navayasa Loha, Saptamrita Loha, Tamra Parpati, Panchamrita Parpati, Sveta Parpati.

 13. Introduction to pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic drugs.
 A) Necessary to know – From part A and B : S. No. 1 to 9
 B) Desired to know – From part B : S. No. 10

Practical - 100 Marks

 BHAISHAJYAKALPANA

Paper II                                                                                100 Marks 
Part A                                                                                    50 Marks

1. History and Chronological (kramika vikasa) development of Bhaishajyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja.

2. Fundamental principles of Bhaishajya Kalpana.

 3. Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Maana’ (Units of measurement), Shushka -ardra –drava- dravya grahan niyam (Rules of measures of dry, fresh, liquid drugs); Grahyagrahyatva, Nava Puran dravya grahan niyam.

4. Guidelines and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhi dravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science.

 5. Bheshajprayogavidhi : Aushadha Matra, Anupana and sahapan and Aushadh sevan kaala. (Posology).

6. Panchavidha kashaya kalpana and Other kalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Churna, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulu kalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti Preparation of Tablets, pills, capsule and Suppositories. Masi kalpana, Lavana kalpana, Kshara kalpana and Kshara sutra.

7. Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments/ Equipments - Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machines, coating and polishing pan, capsule filling machine, sieves and mesh.

8. Sneha kalpana : Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Sneha murchana vidhi, Sneha paka vidhi, patra paka, types and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of Triphala Ghrita, Bramhighrita, Narayana taila, Anutaila.

9. Sandhana Kalpana and its types: Madya Kalpana, Asava, Arishta, Sura (Prasanna - Kadambari - Medaka - Jagala - Bakkasa), Maireya, Surasava, Shukta, Kanjika, Sauviraka, Tushodaka, Sidhu kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshana, properties, uses, doses. Takrarishta, Draksharishta, Ashokarishta, Dashamoolarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava.

 10. Kritanna and Aushadhisiddha anna Kalpana: Definition of Kritanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Yavagu –types of yavagu, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush -types, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavara, Khad Kamblika, Raga, Shadava, Dadhi and Takra Varga – Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika.

PART B

1. Bahyopacharartha kalpana (External Applications)-Lepa -Types of Lepa, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of Siktha Taila, Malahara – Sarjarasa Malahara, Gandhak Malahara, Upanaha, Atasi upanaha, Shatadhouta and Sahastradhouta Ghrita. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions.

2. Principles and precautions for preparation of formulations for following:
2.1 Netraupacharartha kalpana (Opthalmic preparations) – Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana - Ashchyotana - Tarpana - Putapaka and Vidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments
2.2 Nasyopachararth Kalpana - Classification of Nasya, Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarsha nasya.
2.3 Dhumapanarth kalpana - Classification of dhumpaan, Method of preparation of dhumvarti and it’s therapeutic uses. Dhupan: Vranadhupan, arshodhupan.
2.4 Mukhaprayogarth kalpana - Gandoosha - Kavala - Pratisaran, Tooth paste, Tooth powders and Mouth wash. 
2.5 Basti kalpana- Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti. 

3 Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Kasthaushadhi. 

4 Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945. 

 5 Concept of, Aushadhi Nirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T.

Practical Bhaishajya Kalpana                                                                  50 Marks

                                                        

                                  3.1 ROGA NIDANA




 
 

To download the Free PDF Of Syllabus Copy BAMS - 2nd Year click below




 
 

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