राजयोग समाधिश्च उन्मनी च मनोन्मनी | अमरत्वं लग्रस्तत्वं शुन्यशुन्यं परम् पदम् |
अमनस्क तथा द्वैतं नीरालंबं निरंजनम | जीवन्मुक्तिश्च सहजा तुर्या चेत्येक्वाचका || (ह्.यो.प्र. 4/3-4)
Rajayoga, Samadhi, Unmani, Manoumani, Amaratwa, Laya, Tatva, Shunya, Ashunya, Parama, Pada, Amanaska, Adwaitama, Niralamba, Nirajana, Jivana Mukti , Sahaja, Turya are all Synonymous.
Raja Yoga was the ultimate stage of Yoga Practice, one nearing Samadhi in historical context and in modern context; it refers to the Yoga school of philisophy in Hinduism. The term Raja Yoga was introduced during the 15th century in Hathayoga Pradipika to distinguish the school bases on the Yogasutra of Patanjali from the more current school of Hathayoga.
Raja Yoga is also referred to as mental yoga, or the yoga of the mind, because of its emphasis on awareness of one's state of mind. It is through this practice of concentration that one learns to calm the mind and bring it to one point of focus.
It is at this point that we direct our attention inwardly, towards our true nature, which is divine. You can achieve this by following the eight-fold path of Raja Yoga, which includes observation of the following :
1. Yamas (Abstentious) : Ahimsa (non-injury), Satya (truth), Asetya (non- stealing), Brahmacharya (chasity), Aparigraha (non-greed).
2. Niyamas (Moral Observations) : Shucha (purity), Santosha (contentment), Tapas (austerity), Svadyaya (study of the scriptures), Ishwara Pranidhana (Surrender to God)
3. Asana : Steady pose, posture or seat
4. Pranayama : Control of vital energy through breath work
5. Pratyahara : With drawl of the senses
6. Dharana : Concentration of the mind
7. Dhyana : Meditation
8. Samadhi : Enlightenment, Union with the divine.
Importance of Raja Yoga
- The Union of the mind and the sound is called as Raja Yoga.
- The Yogi becomes the creator and destroyer of the universe, like, God.
- Perpetual happiness is achieved by this I do not care if the Mukti be not attained. This happiness, resulting from absorption is obtained by of Raja Yoga.
- Those who are ignorant of the Rajayoga and practice only the Hatha Yoga, Maharishi opinion, that waste their energy fruitlessly.