Mud Therapy (Mrittika chikitsa)


Mud is one of the five elements of nature having immense impact on the body in health as well as in sickness. It can be employed conveniently as a therapeutic agent in naturopathy treatment as its black colour absorbs all the colours of the sun and conveys them to body.

Secondly as the mud retains moisture for a long time, when applied over the body part it causes cooling.

Thirdly its shape and consistency can be changed easily by adding water. Moreover, it is cheap and easily available.

Read article : Hydrotherapy (Jalachikitsa) - Types and Different Methods of Hydrotherapy

Types of Soil 

Mud found in different parts of the world has different properties. Mud composition varies with olace of origin. Firstly, a mineral constituent of mud varies with the kind of rocks found in the region and the process of soil formation. Secondly, mud properly is influenced by kind of flora and  fauna of the region.

Black mud 

 Dark cotton soil having some greasiness is suitable for mud therapy as it is rich in minerals and also retains water for long time.

It should always be free from contamination and free from any kind of pollution.

Fango mud - Thermal mud of hot springs

Moor mud - Peat-based organic mud's

Mud from Dead Sea :

Cleopatra ans Queen Sheeba used it for enhancing beauty; black mud of Dead Sea has beautifying and therapeutic powers. It contains more than 20 kinds of salts and minerals including Magnesium, Calcium, Potassium Bromide, Silicates, Natural Tar and organic elements. While these beneficial minerals are useful for healing any kind of skin disorders, the presence of silicates make its masks very beneficial for softening and cleansing skin. The mud enhances blood circulation and leaves the skin with a glow.

Doctrine of mud selection 

Mud procured for the treatment purpose should be black cotton soil with greasiness and free from pollution and contamination. Before use mud should be dried, powdered and sieved to separate stones, grass particles and other impurities.
Mud therapy is used in two forms : Mud Pack and Mud Bath
Mud Pack for Eyes :

The pack is typically 9"x 6", enough to cover the eyes completely.

It is placed on the eyes for 20 to 30 minutes.
An eye mud pack helps in relaxing the eyes; especially good for those who require to sit in front of a computer for long hours.
Therapeutically, it reduces irritation, itching, or other allergic conditions such as conjunctivitis and hemorrhage of the eyeball.
It also helps in correcting refractive errors like short/long sightedness.
It is also effective in glaucoma, where it works to reduce the eyeball tension.
Mud Pack for Head : A head mud pack is usually thick, narrow band. It is applied over the forehand and helps to heal congestive headache pain quickly.
Mud Pack for Face : 

Fine mud is used for the face. The paste is evenly applied on the face and kept for 30 minutes.

It helps in improving the complexion of the skin.
In cases of acne, it helps by absorbing excess oils and toxins from the skin. 
It also helps in reducing dark circles around the eyes.
Mud Pack for Abdomen :
The size of a mud pack for abdomen is usually 10"x 6"x 1" for adults.
The mud pack is applied for 20-30 minutes.
An abdomen mud pack helps in all kinds of ingestion. 
It is very helpful in decreasing intestinal heat and stimulates peristalsis.
Mud Bath 


Mud or clay bath is another mode of treatment. It is applied in the same way as packs, but only on a large scale on the entire body.

1. In this, mud or clay is first ground and shifted to remove all impurities,and then smooth paste is made with hot water mix.

2. Mud is applied to entire body in sitting/a lying positive

3. Is kept for 45 to 60 min and ideally exposed to sunlight

Benefits of Mud Bath 

  • Helps in increasing blood circulation and energizing the skin tissues
  • Helps in cleansing and improves overall skin complexion, clear spots and patches on the skin
  • Useful in skin diseases such as psoriasis, urticaria, leprosy, Skin allergic conditions. 

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