Bhanga (भङ्ग) CANNABIS INDICA – Static/plant poison | Liveveda

Bhanga - Cannabis indica

The term Cannabis refers to the flowering and fruiting tops of Cannabis sativa of family Cannabinaceae, which is a tall weed growing upto 15 feet in height. Highest drug concentration is in the flowering tops (bracts) followed by leaves, stem, seeds and root.

Synonyms -

भङ्ग, बुटी, मतुलानि, विजय etc.

Active principles

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Cannabis preperations

It is CNS stimulant it is used in the following forms

  1. Bhang/Patti - It is prepared from dried leaves and fruits and contains 15% of active principles.
  2. Majun - This is basically Bhang prepared with sugar, flour, milk and butter.
  3. Ganja - This preparation is smoked in hukkas and pipes. It is prepared from flower tops. the active principle content is 15 - 25%
  4. Charas or Hashish - It is resin from leaves and stem of the plant. The active principle content is 24 - 40%.

Acute poisoning


Because of its effects primary on the CNS its symptoms can be divided into stages :

A) Stages of Excitement

The patient is delightful and excited and he has

  1. Hallucination
  2. Laughs
  3. Sings
  4. Talks loudly
  5. Irrelevant muscular movements
  6. No perception of time and space.

B) Stage of Narcosis

  1. Muscular weakness
  2. Giddiness
  3. Loss of co-ordination of movements
  4. Drowsiness
  5. Dilation of pupils
  6. In some of the cases the patient is in a state of general anesthesia.

Fatal dose

  • To the non-addict, 10 minims of the tincture or 1.5 gms can cause serious excitement.
  • The minimum lethal dose of charas is about 2000 mg, of ganja about 8000 mg, and of bhang about 10,000 mg per kilo body weight.

Fatal period

Death may occur in 12 hours.

Management/ Treatment

A) According to modern

  1. Evacuation of stomach so as to make sure that the non-absorbed poison is taken out
  2. Cold bath
  3. Stimulants
  4. Artificial respiration and O2 inhalation
  5. Symptomatic treatment if and when needed.

B) According to Ayurveda

The cow's curd mixed with Shunti and fresh root of संदेषडा (Poinciantic elata) crushed in water if consumed subsides all the poisonous effects of the bhanga.

Chronic poisoning

Signs and symptoms

A prolonged consumption of any form of cannabis indica leads to -

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. General weakness
  3. Emaciation
  4. Trembling
  5. Decrease/ loss of sexual desire
  6. Toxic psychosis, it may be in the form of mania, depression or dementia.

Treatment -

  • Gradual withdrawal of drug
  • Diazepam for sedation
  • Haloperiodol for psychotic reactions
  • Psychotherapy

Post-mortem Appearance

No characteristic features have so far been described because facilities are rare.

Medico-legal Importance

  1. Majun and Charas are used primarily for robbery purposes
  2. Accidental poisoning by Bhang is common
  3. Before commiting crime some people use to make nerves steady.

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