Introduction to Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL)

Forensic Science Laboratory

FSL - Forensic Science laboratory

Definition of Forensic science

It is an application of scientific knowledge to aid in the administration of justice. Also it is concerned with study and application of scientific examination and evaluation of evidence for legal purpose.

Area of Forensic science

Forensic science includes :

  1. Forensic medicine (pathology and psychiatry)
  2. Forensic toxicology
  3. Forensic odontology
  4. Forensic anthropology
  5. Forensic police sciences
  6. Other specialties (polygraphy, fingerprinting)

Function of Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL)

  1. Examine, compare and evaluate physical evidence
  2. Protection of innocent
  3. Training of police investigations

Division of FSL

  1. Chemistry
  2. Physics
  3. Biology
  4. Ballistics
  5. Toxicology
  6. Serology
  7. Documents
  8. Photography

Introduction to Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL)

It is a wing of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs, which fulfills the forensic requirements in the country. There are 4 central FSL in India :

  • Kolkata
  • Hyderabad
  • Chandigarh
  • New Delhi

CFSL Kolkata is the oldest full fledged FSL in India established in 1952 by upgrading the chemical examiner lab started in 1840's. Kolkata is now Centre of excellence in biological sciences, CFSL Hyderabad in chemical sciences. The laboratory in New Delhi is under the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Today, the most of the states in India have full fledged Forensic Science Laboratory.

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